The prevalence of hypertension amongst adults age 30 and above in Malaysia in 2011 was at 43.5%.*
In a more recent (2021) study, the figure jumped to 49.4%** High blood pressure does not discriminate between genders and it is a growing concern in Malaysia.
Let's try and understand hypertension a little better..
There are two types of hypertension: primary and secondary. It has been said that there is no single cause for primary hypertension while secondary hypertension always arises as a consequence of another disease. Causes of primary hypertension that are often cited include: family history, high cholesterol, obesity, diet, smoking, stress and excessive salt intake. Conversely, the one very significant cause -magnesium deficiency- is overlooked.
This is how magnesium is involved with maintaining blood pressure levels:
While the de-facto advice often is to reduce salt consumption, this does not address the problem of LACK or DEFICIENCY of magnesium and potassium.
There are notable health professionals such as Dr. James DiNicolantonio who wrote The Salt Fix that can challenge what we believe about salt consumption. The problem is not in how much salt we consume, but what kind of salt, and whether it is balanced with the other minerals and electrolytes.
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 93
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) p.52
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 99
 Abnormal condition in pregnancy that consists of hypertension arising, in addition to water retention and increased levels of protein in the urine. If left untreated, it can lead to eclampsia which is characterized by convulsions and seizures.
"The body requires magnesium to absorb and utilize nutrients. Without magnesium the body cannot properly use the fats, proteins and carbohydrates we eat every day. When we aren’t getting what we need from our diet, the body will crave more food in an effort to obtain those vital nutrients. By activating hundreds of enzymes in the body, magnesium helps you get the most from what you eat, so your body can be satisfied with the amount of food you genuinely need.*
Conditions like insulin resistance and diabetes are strongly associated with obesity. Obesity also often precedes the development of type 2 diabetes.
By taking steps to prevent or reverse obesity, one would be evading not just one disease, but several potential major diseases including heart diseases. Furthermore, supplementation of magnesium to counter a deficiency in the mineral and for the maintenance of your body can be greatly beneficial.
When enough magnesium is present in the body, insulin can function properly and blood glucose is used for energy. A magnesium deficiency causes insulin to function poorly, resulting in high blood sugar and fat storage."⠀
With regard to obesity and diabetes  :
‘A large clinical study of over 2000 people found that getting more magnesium in the diet may help protect against developing type 2 diabetes.’ For every 100 mg of increased daily magnesium intake, the risk of developing type-2 diabetes fall by 15 %.
-Magnesium has a role in activating enzymes in your body that control the processes of digestion, absorption and use of fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
-Magnesium is needed for insulin to open cell membranes for glucose to enter and contribute in the production of energy for your body.
-When your body is low in magnesium and high in calcium, both insulin and glucose levels become elevated. The excess glucose gets stored as fat and contributes to obesity; in addition to placing you on the path towards diabetes. Furthermore, your body responds to low magnesium-high calcium conditions as follows :
-Magnesium is necessary in metabolizing B vitamins which help in preventing obesity genes from expressing themselves.
-‘…magnesium supplementation has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity. Based on current knowledge, clinicians have good reason to believe that magnesium repletion may play a role in delaying type 2 diabetes onset and potentially in warding off its devastating complications — cardiovascular disease, retinopathy, and nephropathy.’
What we recommend chronic sufferers of diabetes, insulin resistance and obesity is to ensure healthy magnesium levels and regular use/uptake of magnesium. A good way would be by having daily foot soaks or baths with magnesium flakes for 4-6 weeks. You can then cut back to soaks 2-3x a week after that. Combine this with daily use of magnesium oil and/or lotion, higher intake of magnesium-rich foods and increase physical movement, Furthermore, do eliminate all negative talk, low vibe-ing people, processed foods, sugars and inflammatory foods for faster, longer-lasting results! Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and take measurements, and we look forward to hearing from you on your progress!
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 118
 “Magnesium.” University of Maryland Medical Center | Home. N.p., n.d. [accessed: 09.01.2011] <http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/magnesium-000313.htm>.
 Ibid., 121-2
 Neuropathy is a nerve disorder caused by diabetes and its symptoms include the gradual loss of sensation, numbness and tingling in the arms, hands, legs and feet. The nerve disorders can also occur in every internal organ system.
 Mark Sircus, Ac., O.M.D., ‘Transdermal Magnesium Therapy’, (Chandler: Phaelos Books, 2007) pp.148-9
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 119
 Jerry L. Nadler, M.D. “Diabetes and Magnesium: The Emerging Role of Oral Magnesium Supplementation.” Magnesium-Deficiency Catastrophe: The Magnesium Web Site. [accessed: 08.01. 2011] <http://www.mgwater.com/diabetes.shtml>
There are many factors that can contribute to you having a headache; one of them is stress. Did you know that magnesium is natural stress reliever? Furthermore, serotonin (a neurotransmitter) is dependent on magnesium for its production and function. In theory, the lower your serotonin levels, the more adverse the effects of stress can be on you. A deficiency in serotonin can also lead to depression and migraine headaches. ‘Mg deficiency intensifies adverse reactions to stress that can be life threatening.’ 
‘Mg deficiency intensifies adverse reactions to stress that can be life threatening.’
a) Stress can induce tension in your muscles = tension headaches.
b) Magnesium relaxes the head and neck muscle tension.
c) Magnesium relaxes blood vessels, allowing them to dilate, thus reducing spasms and constrictions that can cause migraines.
d) Magnesium relaxes muscles and prevents the build-up of lactic acid; lactic acid in combination with tension can worsen head and muscle pain.
e) Magnesium regulates brain neurotransmitter action and inflammatory substances.
f) Magnesium prevents platelet aggregation (the clumping together of platelets in the blood), therefore preventing the formation of clots that can cause blood vessel spasm and the occurrence of migraine pains.
It has been suggested by a few clinical studies that ‘magnesium supplements may shorten the duration of a migraine and reduce the amount of medication needed.’ Individuals who have migraine headaches usually tend to have lower levels of magnesium in comparison to those with tension headaches or no headaches at all.
The importance of magnesium to the nervous system is such that your brain stores twice as much magnesium as other body tissues. Magnesium is an anti-stress mineral that has a calming effect, induces restful sleep and is very useful for the person with an overactive nervous system or who is anxious or agitated.
As a preventative measure, we recommend having regular foot soaks or baths using magnesium flakes, using magnesium oil or lotion daily, and increasing your intake of magnesium-rich foods.
In an acute situation, where you feel the onslaught of a migraine or have a headache, we suggest saturating your scalp with magnesium oil, apply magnesium oil on your forehead, temples, back of neck, shoulders and chest. Some users like to also add 5-10 drops of Mg Oil to a glass of warm water, drink that then rest/relax in a cool and dark room until you feel the migraine/headache ease off. Do as many of the above suggested as you can. We know headaches and migraines don't always come at convenient times. But in general for many, the more magnesium used in a shorter span of time, the faster the results.
If you have other recommendations, or have used magnesium for your headaches and migraines, please do share in a comment below!
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) p.45
 Ibid., xx
 Mildred S. Seelig, (1994) Consequences of Magnesium Deficiency on the Enhancement of Stress Reactions; Preventive and Therapeutic Implications (A Review), Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 13 (5), pp. 429-446
 “Definition of platelet aggregation.” MedicineNet.com. 2004 , [accessed 06.01.2011] <http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=33673 >
 “Magnesium.” University of Maryland Medical Center | Home. N.p., n.d. [accessed: 09.01.2011] <http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/magnesium-000313.htm>
It has been said that the ‘most common cause of stroke in the adult population is due to atherosclerosis.’ Correspondingly, it has also been said that the most common cause of stroke is the blockage of an artery by a clot.
Either way, magnesium prevents both the formation of blood clots and atherosclerosis besides many other serious or even fatal conditions.
With regard to magnesium and strokes:
 Assoc Prof Tan Kay Sin, “Uncommon causes of stroke.” The Star. 25 January 2009 [accessed: 01.12.2010] < http://thestar.com.my/health/story.asp?file=/2009/1/25/health/3094053&sec=health>
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) pp.126-7
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) p74
 Ibid., p81
 Ibid., pp. 79-80
Magnesium is essential for healthy heart rhythm.
It is involved in transporting electrolytes, such as calcium and potassium -which are important for sending nerve signals and muscle contractions (heartbeat)- into cells.
Research indicates that magnesium deficiency, or restricted magnesium intake, increases instances of arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats).
When a heart is healthy, it contains more magnesium than other muscles and when magnesium levels are low, the levels in the heart cells drop more than in other muscles. Muscles need magnesium in order to function as each molecule of myosin (muscle protein) contains one atom of magnesium. ‘Magnesium is a vital structural component of all muscle cells, and the heart is mainly a muscle.’
In hospital settings..
Magnesium has been administered for acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) patients and cardiac arrhythmia (irregular beating of the heart) with positive results.
Magnesium is also used for treating angina.
The importance of magnesium with regard to heart health can be summarised as follows:
Post heart attack, magnesium…
Before heart problems arise, be sure to take care of your magnesium levels! This can be through eating more magnesium-rich foods; daily applications of magnesium oil, lotion or gel, and regular magnesium flakes foot soaks and baths.
,  Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) p.10
 “Magnesium Is Found to Aid Bypass Patients – NYTimes.com.” The New York Times – Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. 06 Nov. 1992. [accessed: 12.01.2011] <http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE1D9103CF935A35752C1A964958260&scp=8&sq=Magnesium&st=nyt>
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) p.xix
 Mark Sircus, Ac., O.M.D., ‘Transdermal Magnesium Therapy’, (Chandler: Phaelos Books, 2007) p.127
 “Medicinal Ingredients – Magnesium.” Medical Explorer – Medical Advice, Drug Information, Health Articles. [accessed: 12.01.2011] <http://www.medical-explorer.com/medicinal-ingredients-m/magnesium_1.html>.
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 99
 A build up of scarring and fats in the arterial walls that are referred to as ‘plaques’, which cause hardening, narrowing and loss of elasticity of arteries.
'People who exercise hard have higher magnesium requirements than people who are sedentary – and if levels fall too low, it can be difficult to increase endurance levels.’
When you sweat, you lose magnesium. When you flex your muscles, you need magnesium to relax them. Magnesium plays a big part in keeping you going. When calcium (the initiator of contractions) is present without sufficient amounts of magnesium (the initiator of relaxation) in your body, muscle cramps and a build up of lactic acid can abound.
So how does magnesium have major implications with regard to athletes?
‘People who exercise hard have higher magnesium requirements than people who are sedentary – and if levels fall too low, it can be difficult to increase endurance levels.’
An amazing fact about magnesium is its effect on the neuromuscular system – it provides more energy despite its usual role as a relaxant. If you start taking magnesium, your energy levels will go up as it helps with metabolising glucose and it influences the formation of energy packets called ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which your cells need. Magnesium helps prevent calcium from causing excessive contraction. In other words, magnesium eases your movements.
The higher the intensity of your exercise, the greater your need of magnesium becomes in order to burn glucose for making energy to meet the requirements of your straining muscles.
Whether your exercise regimen is in short bursts or drawn out, adrenalin is discharged and magnesium is moved (mobilized) from your blood to your cells and vice versa. Exercise and the release of adrenalin cause magnesium to move into the body’s exercise-active regions and away from inactive sites.  Without sufficient “backup” magnesium, this can be a major issue.
'...you should always make sure that your magnesium status is in order before starting any exercise programme.'
Stress from strenuous exercise on a body that is low in magnesium will lead to symptoms of magnesium deficiency manifesting. Furthermore, when magnesium is low, exercise or training can use up the little magnesium that is available and increase your body’s need for magnesium. If your level of magnesium is low enough, a burst of exercise can be the cause of cardiac arrhythmia and even be the cause of sudden death. This can happen to you regardless of your weight or fitness level. Therefore, you should always make sure that your magnesium status is in order before starting any exercise programme. Accurate measurements of cellular magnesium levels are difficult to obtain so the best thing you can do for yourself if you plan on exercising is to supplement your diet with magnesium.
Magnesium is needed for the attachment of mRNA to ribosome and the activation of amino acids which help in the process of making proteins, i.e., protein production depends on optimal magnesium levels. It is hypothesised that low magnesium levels may negatively affect the metabolism of protein, which could result in lowered strength gains in a structured workout regimen.
Exercise can be dangerous for you when your body’s cells are low in magnesium. Exercise stress can be bad as it ‘causes the release of adrenaline and the sudden shift in magnesium from the cells to the blood, further lowering magnesium in cells to dangerously inadequate levels.’ Exercise-stress induced magnesium loss is particularly harmful to the heart as ‘magnesium in heart cells is rapidly exchangeable.’
If you haven't already, we recommend including a minimum of 2 magnesium flakes foot soaks or baths a week, and daily applications of magnesium oil and/or magnesium lotion to support better energy production, muscle health and performance. This would be part of an ideal routine that includes more nutrient-dense and magnesium-rich foods, adequate hydration, necessary stretches and warm-ups, and last but not least, beauty sleep!
1] Kristie Leong, M.d., “Can Magnesium Increase Exercise Endurance?” Associated Content from Yahoo! – Associatedcontent.com. [accessed: 20.12.2011] <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2806330/can_magnesium_increase_exercise_endurance.html>.
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) p.70
 Kristie Leong, M.d., “Can Magnesium Increase Exercise Endurance?” Associated Content from Yahoo! – Associatedcontent.com. [accessed: 20.12.2011] <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2806330/can_magnesium_increase_exercise_endurance.html>.
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp.70-1
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) p.94
 Ibid., 95
 Rehan Jalalai. “Magnesium: The Multi-Purpose Mineral.” Think Muscle — Bridging the Gap Between Science and Practice. [accessed: 12.02.2011] <http://www.thinkmuscle.com/articles/jalali/magnesium.htm>.
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) p.95
 Ibid., 95-6
Sound healing therapy uses aspects of music and sound to improve physical and emotional health and well-being. Energetically, it is said that sounds and frequencies can help balance chakras, of which there are 7.
Greek physician Hippocrates was among the first to play music for mental health patients in 400 BC. The philosophers Plato and Aristotle claimed that music affected the soul and the emotions. In Ancient Egypt, music therapy was a staple in temples. Native American culture uses song and dance to heal the sick. Closer to home, here in Malaysia, “Sewang” is an Orang Asli  religious ritual that involves music, dance and singing. Sewang is “performed to heal a patient’s illness, to propitiate (request permission, renew agreement and thanksgiving) or to revitalize the spirit, and as a form of entertainment.”  For Muslims the world over, there is the belief in the healing powers of zikir meditation and Qur’an recitation. Instances of sound healing therapy are limitless.
Humans experience different types of brainwaves:
By using select sound frequencies and rhythms, you can manoeuvre and downshift your brain from the beta state (normal consciousness) to the theta state (relaxed consciousness).
In 2006 study published in the Journal of Advanced Nursing revealed that those who listen to music feel less pain and experiences less anxiety than those who do not.
In 2009, Nunung Febriany Sitepu of the Prince of Songkla University published his research that proved that zikir meditation is effective in the reduction of post-operation pain.
In 2018, researchers examined the effects of sounds on salivary excretion of cortisol by participants exposed to various conditions (sound of water, relaxing music and 0 auditory stimulus) for ten minutes. They were then exposed to 10 minutes of a regulated psychosocial  task that was stressful. Participants’ cortisol levels were assessed prior to, during and after the task. The result? The effect of water sounds was significant in modulating cortisol levels, but not the relaxing music nor those who had zero exposure to any sound. In another study, it was found that when participants were exposed to natural sounds while laying in an MRI machine, their brain connectivity suggested an outward focus of attention, whereas those who were exposed to artificial sounds, their brain brain connectivity suggested an inward focus of attention. Inward focus of attention takes place when one is anxious or dealing with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.
"Using different sound frequencies can stimulate cell production of nitric oxide, a vasodilator that opens up blood vessels, helps cells be more efficient, and mediates your blood pressure at a cellular level," says Dr. Mark Menolascino, Medical Director of the Meno Clinic – Center for Functional Medicine. Being in a parasympathetic state "increases antibody production for better immunity, it helps decrease cortisol, which helps you decrease high blood pressure, and it increases alpha and theta waves so you can be more alert during the day and go into a deeper sleep, where healing really occurs.” Dr. Martinez-Perez
Different types of sound-healing modalities include :
1) Vocals: passively listening or actively vocalising (by way of humming, meditation, prayer and song as a few examples)
2) Musical instruments: tuning forks, drumming, flute, monochord, kalimba, etc
3) Tibetan singing bowls
4) Dalcroze method
5) Neurologic music
6) Bonny method
7) Nordoff-Robbins method
8) Binaural beats , also known as brainwave entertainment
9) Vibroacoustic therapy
10) Wind chimes
Sound healing is commonly used in helping to treat stress, anger, anxiety, depression, high blood pressure, insomnia, and lots more.
Sound healing is non-invasive, and can be inexpensive. Whether you book an appointment with a therapist of a sound-healing modality, or you switch off all your devices and take some time out to carry out sound-therapy independently, what harm can there be in giving it a try?
3 The orang asli (meaning ‘original people’) are the indigenous minority people of Peninsular Malaysia whose ancestors inhabited the peninsula before the Malay kingdoms were established. https://aliran.com/archives/monthly/2005a/5g.html
9 Psychological stress can be defined as an imbalance between demands placed on us and our ability to manage them (https://www.longdom.org/scholarly/psychosocial-stress-journals-articles-ppts-list-1424.html)