The prevalence of hypertension amongst adults age 30 and above in Malaysia in 2011 was at 43.5%.*
In a more recent (2021) study, the figure jumped to 49.4%** High blood pressure does not discriminate between genders and it is a growing concern in Malaysia.
Let's try and understand hypertension a little better..
There are two types of hypertension: primary and secondary. It has been said that there is no single cause for primary hypertension while secondary hypertension always arises as a consequence of another disease. Causes of primary hypertension that are often cited include: family history, high cholesterol, obesity, diet, smoking, stress and excessive salt intake. Conversely, the one very significant cause -magnesium deficiency- is overlooked.
This is how magnesium is involved with maintaining blood pressure levels:
While the de-facto advice often is to reduce salt consumption, this does not address the problem of LACK or DEFICIENCY of magnesium and potassium.
There are notable health professionals such as Dr. James DiNicolantonio who wrote The Salt Fix that can challenge what we believe about salt consumption. The problem is not in how much salt we consume, but what kind of salt, and whether it is balanced with the other minerals and electrolytes.
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 93
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) p.52
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 99
 Abnormal condition in pregnancy that consists of hypertension arising, in addition to water retention and increased levels of protein in the urine. If left untreated, it can lead to eclampsia which is characterized by convulsions and seizures.
"The body requires magnesium to absorb and utilize nutrients. Without magnesium the body cannot properly use the fats, proteins and carbohydrates we eat every day. When we aren’t getting what we need from our diet, the body will crave more food in an effort to obtain those vital nutrients. By activating hundreds of enzymes in the body, magnesium helps you get the most from what you eat, so your body can be satisfied with the amount of food you genuinely need.*
Conditions like insulin resistance and diabetes are strongly associated with obesity. Obesity also often precedes the development of type 2 diabetes.
By taking steps to prevent or reverse obesity, one would be evading not just one disease, but several potential major diseases including heart diseases. Furthermore, supplementation of magnesium to counter a deficiency in the mineral and for the maintenance of your body can be greatly beneficial.
When enough magnesium is present in the body, insulin can function properly and blood glucose is used for energy. A magnesium deficiency causes insulin to function poorly, resulting in high blood sugar and fat storage."⠀
With regard to obesity and diabetes  :
‘A large clinical study of over 2000 people found that getting more magnesium in the diet may help protect against developing type 2 diabetes.’ For every 100 mg of increased daily magnesium intake, the risk of developing type-2 diabetes fall by 15 %.
-Magnesium has a role in activating enzymes in your body that control the processes of digestion, absorption and use of fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
-Magnesium is needed for insulin to open cell membranes for glucose to enter and contribute in the production of energy for your body.
-When your body is low in magnesium and high in calcium, both insulin and glucose levels become elevated. The excess glucose gets stored as fat and contributes to obesity; in addition to placing you on the path towards diabetes. Furthermore, your body responds to low magnesium-high calcium conditions as follows :
-Magnesium is necessary in metabolizing B vitamins which help in preventing obesity genes from expressing themselves.
-‘…magnesium supplementation has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity. Based on current knowledge, clinicians have good reason to believe that magnesium repletion may play a role in delaying type 2 diabetes onset and potentially in warding off its devastating complications — cardiovascular disease, retinopathy, and nephropathy.’
What we recommend chronic sufferers of diabetes, insulin resistance and obesity is to ensure healthy magnesium levels and regular use/uptake of magnesium. A good way would be by having daily foot soaks or baths with magnesium flakes for 4-6 weeks. You can then cut back to soaks 2-3x a week after that. Combine this with daily use of magnesium oil and/or lotion, higher intake of magnesium-rich foods and increase physical movement, Furthermore, do eliminate all negative talk, low vibe-ing people, processed foods, sugars and inflammatory foods for faster, longer-lasting results! Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly and take measurements, and we look forward to hearing from you on your progress!
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 118
 “Magnesium.” University of Maryland Medical Center | Home. N.p., n.d. [accessed: 09.01.2011] <http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/magnesium-000313.htm>.
 Ibid., 121-2
 Neuropathy is a nerve disorder caused by diabetes and its symptoms include the gradual loss of sensation, numbness and tingling in the arms, hands, legs and feet. The nerve disorders can also occur in every internal organ system.
 Mark Sircus, Ac., O.M.D., ‘Transdermal Magnesium Therapy’, (Chandler: Phaelos Books, 2007) pp.148-9
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp. 119
 Jerry L. Nadler, M.D. “Diabetes and Magnesium: The Emerging Role of Oral Magnesium Supplementation.” Magnesium-Deficiency Catastrophe: The Magnesium Web Site. [accessed: 08.01. 2011] <http://www.mgwater.com/diabetes.shtml>
There are many factors that can contribute to you having a headache; one of them is stress. Did you know that magnesium is natural stress reliever? Furthermore, serotonin (a neurotransmitter) is dependent on magnesium for its production and function. In theory, the lower your serotonin levels, the more adverse the effects of stress can be on you. A deficiency in serotonin can also lead to depression and migraine headaches. ‘Mg deficiency intensifies adverse reactions to stress that can be life threatening.’ 
‘Mg deficiency intensifies adverse reactions to stress that can be life threatening.’
a) Stress can induce tension in your muscles = tension headaches.
b) Magnesium relaxes the head and neck muscle tension.
c) Magnesium relaxes blood vessels, allowing them to dilate, thus reducing spasms and constrictions that can cause migraines.
d) Magnesium relaxes muscles and prevents the build-up of lactic acid; lactic acid in combination with tension can worsen head and muscle pain.
e) Magnesium regulates brain neurotransmitter action and inflammatory substances.
f) Magnesium prevents platelet aggregation (the clumping together of platelets in the blood), therefore preventing the formation of clots that can cause blood vessel spasm and the occurrence of migraine pains.
It has been suggested by a few clinical studies that ‘magnesium supplements may shorten the duration of a migraine and reduce the amount of medication needed.’ Individuals who have migraine headaches usually tend to have lower levels of magnesium in comparison to those with tension headaches or no headaches at all.
The importance of magnesium to the nervous system is such that your brain stores twice as much magnesium as other body tissues. Magnesium is an anti-stress mineral that has a calming effect, induces restful sleep and is very useful for the person with an overactive nervous system or who is anxious or agitated.
As a preventative measure, we recommend having regular foot soaks or baths using magnesium flakes, using magnesium oil or lotion daily, and increasing your intake of magnesium-rich foods.
In an acute situation, where you feel the onslaught of a migraine or have a headache, we suggest saturating your scalp with magnesium oil, apply magnesium oil on your forehead, temples, back of neck, shoulders and chest. Some users like to also add 5-10 drops of Mg Oil to a glass of warm water, drink that then rest/relax in a cool and dark room until you feel the migraine/headache ease off. Do as many of the above suggested as you can. We know headaches and migraines don't always come at convenient times. But in general for many, the more magnesium used in a shorter span of time, the faster the results.
If you have other recommendations, or have used magnesium for your headaches and migraines, please do share in a comment below!
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) p.45
 Ibid., xx
 Mildred S. Seelig, (1994) Consequences of Magnesium Deficiency on the Enhancement of Stress Reactions; Preventive and Therapeutic Implications (A Review), Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 13 (5), pp. 429-446
 “Definition of platelet aggregation.” MedicineNet.com. 2004 , [accessed 06.01.2011] <http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=33673 >
 “Magnesium.” University of Maryland Medical Center | Home. N.p., n.d. [accessed: 09.01.2011] <http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/magnesium-000313.htm>
It has been said that the ‘most common cause of stroke in the adult population is due to atherosclerosis.’ Correspondingly, it has also been said that the most common cause of stroke is the blockage of an artery by a clot.
Either way, magnesium prevents both the formation of blood clots and atherosclerosis besides many other serious or even fatal conditions.
With regard to magnesium and strokes:
 Assoc Prof Tan Kay Sin, “Uncommon causes of stroke.” The Star. 25 January 2009 [accessed: 01.12.2010] < http://thestar.com.my/health/story.asp?file=/2009/1/25/health/3094053&sec=health>
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) pp.126-7
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) p74
 Ibid., p81
 Ibid., pp. 79-80
'People who exercise hard have higher magnesium requirements than people who are sedentary – and if levels fall too low, it can be difficult to increase endurance levels.’
When you sweat, you lose magnesium. When you flex your muscles, you need magnesium to relax them. Magnesium plays a big part in keeping you going. When calcium (the initiator of contractions) is present without sufficient amounts of magnesium (the initiator of relaxation) in your body, muscle cramps and a build up of lactic acid can abound.
So how does magnesium have major implications with regard to athletes?
‘People who exercise hard have higher magnesium requirements than people who are sedentary – and if levels fall too low, it can be difficult to increase endurance levels.’
An amazing fact about magnesium is its effect on the neuromuscular system – it provides more energy despite its usual role as a relaxant. If you start taking magnesium, your energy levels will go up as it helps with metabolising glucose and it influences the formation of energy packets called ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which your cells need. Magnesium helps prevent calcium from causing excessive contraction. In other words, magnesium eases your movements.
The higher the intensity of your exercise, the greater your need of magnesium becomes in order to burn glucose for making energy to meet the requirements of your straining muscles.
Whether your exercise regimen is in short bursts or drawn out, adrenalin is discharged and magnesium is moved (mobilized) from your blood to your cells and vice versa. Exercise and the release of adrenalin cause magnesium to move into the body’s exercise-active regions and away from inactive sites.  Without sufficient “backup” magnesium, this can be a major issue.
'...you should always make sure that your magnesium status is in order before starting any exercise programme.'
Stress from strenuous exercise on a body that is low in magnesium will lead to symptoms of magnesium deficiency manifesting. Furthermore, when magnesium is low, exercise or training can use up the little magnesium that is available and increase your body’s need for magnesium. If your level of magnesium is low enough, a burst of exercise can be the cause of cardiac arrhythmia and even be the cause of sudden death. This can happen to you regardless of your weight or fitness level. Therefore, you should always make sure that your magnesium status is in order before starting any exercise programme. Accurate measurements of cellular magnesium levels are difficult to obtain so the best thing you can do for yourself if you plan on exercising is to supplement your diet with magnesium.
Magnesium is needed for the attachment of mRNA to ribosome and the activation of amino acids which help in the process of making proteins, i.e., protein production depends on optimal magnesium levels. It is hypothesised that low magnesium levels may negatively affect the metabolism of protein, which could result in lowered strength gains in a structured workout regimen.
Exercise can be dangerous for you when your body’s cells are low in magnesium. Exercise stress can be bad as it ‘causes the release of adrenaline and the sudden shift in magnesium from the cells to the blood, further lowering magnesium in cells to dangerously inadequate levels.’ Exercise-stress induced magnesium loss is particularly harmful to the heart as ‘magnesium in heart cells is rapidly exchangeable.’
If you haven't already, we recommend including a minimum of 2 magnesium flakes foot soaks or baths a week, and daily applications of magnesium oil and/or magnesium lotion to support better energy production, muscle health and performance. This would be part of an ideal routine that includes more nutrient-dense and magnesium-rich foods, adequate hydration, necessary stretches and warm-ups, and last but not least, beauty sleep!
1] Kristie Leong, M.d., “Can Magnesium Increase Exercise Endurance?” Associated Content from Yahoo! – Associatedcontent.com. [accessed: 20.12.2011] <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2806330/can_magnesium_increase_exercise_endurance.html>.
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) p.70
 Kristie Leong, M.d., “Can Magnesium Increase Exercise Endurance?” Associated Content from Yahoo! – Associatedcontent.com. [accessed: 20.12.2011] <http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/2806330/can_magnesium_increase_exercise_endurance.html>.
 Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D., ‘The Magnesium Miracle’, (New York: Ballantine Books, 2007) pp.70-1
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) p.94
 Ibid., 95
 Rehan Jalalai. “Magnesium: The Multi-Purpose Mineral.” Think Muscle — Bridging the Gap Between Science and Practice. [accessed: 12.02.2011] <http://www.thinkmuscle.com/articles/jalali/magnesium.htm>.
 Mildred S. Seeling and Andrea Rosanoff, ‘The Magnesium Factor’, (New York: Avery Books, 2003) p.95
 Ibid., 95-6